Phil & History

I choose the topic of students with disabilities because it’s something that I was very interested in learning more about. I’ve never personally known someone with a learning disability, so I think that choosing this topic would help me better understand what it’s like for these students and what is being done to help them in school.I would also like to know if these students have to take any sort of medications to help them stayed focused and or do better in school, and if some schools recommend that these students take certain medications for their learning disability. Through this assignment I hope to learn more about the different types of disabilities that students can have, and what is being done in schools to help these students. Such as programs throughout different grade levels (Elementary to College), homework and test taking help that is available for these students, and counseling or therapy that some of these students may need to receive. I would also like to look at how this theme of students with disabilities has changed over the course of US education. For example what was being done in schools for these students in earlier times, and where there programs and resources available for them. Also when did these programs start becoming mandatory or available for schools to have for these students with disabilities. And what made US Education realize that these students deserve the same treatment as students without disabilities. 

Creating Positive School Experiences for Students with Disabilities-

I choose this resource because it provided a lot of information about students with disabilities. It talked about how in 1990 federal legislation made the American Disabilities Act to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities. Although this is a federal act it cant always protect them from subtle forms of discrimination and prejudice. This website went into talking about attitudes toward students with disabilities. “Recent research suggests students and teachers possess somewhat negative attitudes toward students with disabilities, or that they view individuals with disabilities as different from and inferior to individuals without disabilities”(Reading Rockets). The site also gave great information about how student outcomes related to negative attitudes and behaviors. “Individuals with disabilities often internalize negative attitudes”(Reading Rockets). “Moreover, the negative attitudes and actions of others can negatively affect the behavior, social relationships, education, employment, and health of individuals with disabilities”(Reading Rockets), “because their self-perceptions are greatly influenced by the attitudes and expectations of others” (Reading Rockets).

Disability & Education Laws-

I choose this resource because it gave a lot of information on disability and education laws. There’s the IDEA Act, “which guides how states, school districts, and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities” (NICHCY). The No Child Left Behind Act which is the nations largest public education law. This act has brought sweeping changes to our educational systems. There is also the Americans with Disabilities Act which is the first declaration of equality for people with disabilities. “The ADA protects the civil rights of people with disabilities in all aspects of employment, in accessing public services such as transportation, and guaranteeing access to public accommodations such as restaurants, stores, hotels and other types of buildings to which the public has access” (NICHCY).

Services for Students with Disabilities-

I choose this resource because this website showed all of the different services available for students with disabilities. Students with disabilities are able to apply for SSD testing accommodation when taking the PSAT/NMSQT, the SAT, SAT Subject Tests and Advanced Placement Program (AP) Exams. This site also provides great information on how to apply, who is eligible, what information is required, and how to use approvals. “The College Board’s Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) provides a broad range of accommodations, such as Braille tests, large print, and extended time, to students who provide documentation of a disability.  The College Board is committed to ensuring that students with physical or mental disabilities receive appropriate accommodations on its tests” (College Board).

Career Opportunities for students with disabilities-

I choose this source because it provided information on career opportunities for students with disabilities. “COSD’s mission is to improve the employment rate of college students and recent graduates with disabilities on a national basis” (COSD). “COSD works with higher education institutions and assists them in developing collaborative relationships between Disability Services and Career Services offices on campuses” (COSD). This website gives great information for students with disabilities who are looking for a job and provides a national online job posting and college student resume database system.  COSD also hosts a national conference where the objective is to provide a safe place to share questions and answers and provide an understanding to perspectives of students with disabilities, higher education professionals and employers.

10 Myths about ADHD Special Education Law-

I choose this source because it provided great information on special education services that children with ADHD are entitled to. ADD/ADHD is among the most thoroughly medically-researched and documented psychiatric disorders. I learned that “schools can’t require a student to take medication as a condition for his being eligible for special education or any school activity” (ADDitude). “Taking medication is a decision to be made by the family and their doctor”(ADDitude). “If the student has ADD/ADHD and qualifies for special education or a 504 Plan, the school must develop appropriate academic and behavioral supports to meet his needs, whether that student takes medication or not” (ADDitude).

Students with Physical Disabilities speak out on challenges in school-

I choose this source because it provided information on challenges in school that students with disabilities face. This site had great insight to what these students experience everyday at school. These interviews with the students range from from in class experiences to after school sports activities. Also male and female experiences and also ranging in grade level to see how it varies in different grades. For example “in high school, Curtis realized his sports options were limited, and he felt left out of the athletic “jock” culture American high schools celebrate” (NEA). “Fortunately, his P.E. teacher in high school was especially inclusive” (NEA). “He’d find activities for him in the weight room, and when the high school held a jog-a-thon fundraiser, he set up cones for Curtis on the asphalt so he could complete the same distance the other students were running by doing laps around the cones in his wheel chair”(NEA).

Thirty Years of Progress in Educating Children with Disabilities Through IDEA-

I choose this source because it provided information on the history of educating children with disabilities. This site gave in-depth information on the formation of several different special education laws and how these students benefit from them today.”Congress enacted what was then the Education for All Handicapped Children Act  on Nov. 29, 1975″(ED). “The law was intended to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, children and youths with disabilities and their families”(ED). I learned that in 1970, U.S. schools educated only one in five children with disabilities, and many states had laws excluding certain students, including children who were deaf, blind, emotionally disturbed or mentally retarded, from its schools. “Today, thanks to IDEA, early intervention programs and services are provided to more than 200,000 eligible infants and toddlers and their families, while about 6.5 million children and youths receive special education and related services to meet their individual needs”(ED).

History on Special Education-

I chose this source because it gave a lot of information on the history of special education. It talks about the roots of when special education in the U.S began, “one of the first organizations was the American Association on Mental Deficiency, which held its first convention in 1947″(History of Spec. Ed). During the 1960’s, an increasing level of school access was established for children with disabilities at the state and local levels. It also provided details on how special education acts were starting to be passed, “In 1986, early intervention programs for infants and education services for preschoolers were added”(History of spec. Ed). “In 1990, services and eligibility were again expanded and the law was renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)”(History of spec. Ed). The IDEA has been reauthorized and expanded ever since.

Choose the right special education placement for your child-

I choose this source because it gave information on the different types of classrooms available for students with disabilities. The first type is the inclusion class.In an inclusion class, children will be in a regular education class with his or her age peers. In addition to the regular teacher, there will ideally be a special-education teacher whose job it is to adjust the curriculum to the child’s abilities. Another type is the resource room. “Students who need intensive help to keep up with grade-level work in a particular subject may be placed in the Resource Room, where a special-education teacher works with a small group of students, using techniques that work more efficiently with a special-needs population”(About).

Types of learning disorders-

I choose this resource because it gave information on the different types of learning disorders students can have. “Most learning disorders can be categorized into four areas of information processing, these include input, integration, storage and output”(understanding spec. ed).The site goes into depth about what each learning disorder is and the signs/ symptoms. The site also provides information on causes and risk factors, and signs of learning disabilities. Such as trouble learning the alphabet, rhyming words, and connecting letters to sounds, trouble organizing thoughts and what they want to say, and trouble following multiple directions.



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