1st essay “Cross-Cultural Confusion in Teaching Assessments”, offers alternative forms in our present era of education. Multiple choice tests which were formerly used, have not been able to capture what teachers actually do in the classroom. This vision was prompted in 1987 to a group called TAP. They established a board called NBTS. National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. They concluded teachers should be certified by a board of other teachers. They asked a group of scholars to comment on the project. Lisa Delpit writes that she was concerned that good teaching would be the same in all contexts and cultural settings. She was afraid the right way would hinder the chances of teachers of different color or ethnic backgrounds, who worked in schools without middle-class white children. Students of different cultures are unfairly judged and teachers from different cultures may be unfairly judged also. Delpit wrote and presented a paper at the 1988 Conference of American Educational Research Association voicing her concerns.  Shanon Nelson- Barber, of African-American decent, who was on the TAP staff, also had concerns. She helped Delpit write another version of the paper.

The second essay, “The Politics of Teaching Literature Discourse” shows concerns of white teachers of English and Language Arts. Teachers are reluctant to teach “standard English”, they believe it de-values their home languages, also they feel it interferes with the emotional connection of their identities. This essay brings up concerns and attitudes towards handicap students and provides other ways to handle the situation, The book Freedom’s Plow, published the version presented here.

The final essay, “Education in a Multicultural Society: Our Father’s greatest Challenge” is a modified version of a speech done at Howard University for the 1991 Charles H. Thompson lecture. This piece shows what I believe needs to change in order to improve education for children of color and poor children. To succeed we need to do something about the differentials between, teachers and parents, poor and wealthy, whites and people of color. We need to realize that we all see things and views of the world differently.


The first article that I reviewed was titeled “Educating Citizens in a Multicultural Society: The Case of South Korea”. What I learned from reading this article was how South Korea is having challenges integrating multicultural education into their current citizenship education. South Korea is trying to move towards being a more multicultural society, since a growing number of foreigners are residing in the nation. South Korea’s current social studies curriculum mainly refers to global education, “arranging the world’s cultures on a nation-by-nation basis”(). Since South Korea is experiencing a growing number of international foreigners move to their nation, public educators are now acknowledging the different multicultural features of society as a main aspect of social studies education. If Korea is believed to be culturally and ethnically homogeneous and without any change to that, this will result in human inequality and social segregation of people. “Students should understand social and cultural changes, build up proper attitudes toward changes, and behave accordingly in a multicultural society”().






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